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As per a randomised study published in the 'Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology', Local lidocaine spray (LS) has superiority concerning pain relief during the colposcopic biopsy procedure along with no adverse reactions.  Different techniques have been proposed to relieve the painful- colposcopic-guided cervical biopsy.

8min read    

According to a recent meta-analysis published in the journal Osteoporosis International, out of various management approaches, balloon kyphoplasty, percutaneous vertebroplasty, or non-surgical treatment, percutaneous vertebroplasty found to be the most effective procedure to improve functional status, quality of life, and pain among patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.

Non-surgical treatment (NST), balloon kyphoplasty (BK), and percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) are extensively employed to manage OVCFs, but the preferable approach is unknown.

9min read    

Ever since the origin of aviation, head pain related to flight has been recognised, but it occurred because of exceptional barotrauma or a respiratory infection. Instead, aeroplane travel (AH) occurs in normal flying conditions. Recently, two newly recognised conditions, i.e. mountain descent headache (MDH) and diving ascent headache (DAH), share a common pathogenetic mechanism with AH, i.e., the imbalance between intrasinusal and external air pressure as described in the 'Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain'.

6min read    

Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a humanized interleukin-17A antagonist, Ixekizumab injection 80 mg/mL for the treatment of active spondylitis (AS), also well-known as radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA) in adults.

8min read    

Ultrasound is at least as useful as conventional X-ray images in the diagnosis of ankle sprain-related fractures, notwithstanding age or sex and could, in fact, be better, as mentioned in the 'European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery'. In traumatology, Ankle torque is the most commonly encountered injury mechanism. It mostly develops as an ankle sprain and often leads to an ankle fracture.

8min read    
Key Take-Away:

This study presents strong evidence that high BMD is a significant risk factor for the development of subsequent knee and hip OA. The occurrence of the radiographic knee and hip OA but not radiographic hand OA is concerned with high baseline femoral neck BMD (FN -BMD). Prevalent vertebral fractures are related to the incidence of radiographic hand osteoarthritis, but not with knee and hip ROA. Non-vertebral fractures are not associated with the incidence or progression of either knee, hip or hand OA.

Introduction:

To determine the longitudinal relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and incidence and progression of the knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis, and the association between prevalent vertebral and non -vertebral fractures and incidence and progression of OA in older men and women in the Rotterdam Study.

8min read    
Key Take-Away:

J. Zonzini Gaino et al. found out a high prevalence of falls in RA, mostly concerned with disease-related outcomes (primarily the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI)). The results of Timed-up-and-go Test (TUG), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and 5-Time Sit Down-To-Stand Up Test (SST5) were also related to recurrent falls, and these can be used as fall risk assessment tools in rheumatoid individuals.

Introduction:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have increased risk of falls, with potential adverse outcomes. The studies vary considering the prevalence of falls and its correlation with clinical data, disease-related outcomes and physical performance tests. This study investigated the prevalence of falls and its relationship with clinical data, disease-related outcomes and physical performance tests.

8min read    
Key Take-Away:

Kinesio taping is an elastic cotton strip with an acrylic adhesive to treat pain and disability from athletic injuries and a variety of different physical disorders. ZhijunLu et al. elucidated that Kinesio Taping was concerned with significantly improved VAS, WOMAC scale and range of motion of the knee.

Introduction:
This meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigated the efficacy of Kinesio Taping in reducing pain and improving knee function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

7min read    
Key Take-Away:

This study described that intra-articular hip injection (IAHI) provides better pre-operatory pain management in elder patients with intracapsular hip fractures. Also, IAHI could extend the benefits of fascia-iliaca compartment block (FICB) and ameliorate hospitalization conditions. There was a significantly lower dose of opioids administered to the patients who received the IAHI, reducing related risks and side effects.
 

Introduction:

This study focused on comparing the fascia-iliaca compartment block and the intra-articular hip injection concerning pain management and the need for further systemic analgesia in the pre-operative phase of intracapsular hip fractures.

8min read    
Key Take-Away:

This study based on randomized controlled trial revealed that the core stability exercises in addition to traditional treatment (infrared radiation and continuous ultrasound) improved pain and functional disability based on the increase in Pain Pressure Threshold (PPT) and decrease in pain intensity and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). 

Introduction:

Core stability exercises have been widely suggested for the management of patients with different musculoskeletal conditions. But, its effect on postpartum lumbopelvic pain (LPP) has not been thoroughly investigated. This study examined the impact of core stability exercises on postpartum LPP.

7min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a common musculoskeletal disease, associated with hand pain, stiffness, functional limitation, decreased grip strength and reduced quality of life.

2min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Pain is the leading cause of suffering, disability and medical care worldwide.

10 min read    
Education
Presentations

Arthritis encompasses more than 100 different arthritic conditions which are a chronic, painful, and debilitating group of diseases.

15 min read    
Education
Presentations

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder with an estimated prevalence of 0.5-1% of the population worldwide; it is also reported that women are more affected than men are. [1].

15 min read    
Education
Presentations

Vitamins are organic compounds essential for normal physiological functions.

15 min read    
September 17, 2019

As per a randomised study published in the 'Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology', Local lidocaine spray (LS) has superiority concerning pain relief during the colposcopic biopsy procedure along with no adverse reactions.  Different techniques have been proposed to relieve the painful- colposcopic-guided cervical biopsy.

Key Take-Away:

This study presents strong evidence that high BMD is a significant risk factor for the development of subsequent knee and hip OA. The occurrence of the radiographic knee and hip OA but not radiographic hand OA is concerned with high baseline femoral neck BMD (FN -BMD). Prevalent vertebral fractures are related to the incidence of radiographic hand osteoarthritis, but not with knee and hip ROA. Non-vertebral fractures are not associated with the incidence or progression of either knee, hip or hand OA.

Introduction:

To determine the longitudinal relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and incidence and progression of the knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis, and the association between prevalent vertebral and non -vertebral fractures and incidence and progression of OA in older men and women in the Rotterdam Study.

8min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a common musculoskeletal disease, associated with hand pain, stiffness, functional limitation, decreased grip strength and reduced quality of life. Its incidence increases with increasing age.

2min read