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A recent pilot study reveals that music plays an indispensable role in decreasing pain and span during the morning bed bath in the mechanically ventilated patients. In the mechanically ventilated patients, pain is one of the major issues, as they are unable to express the problem verbally. This analysis focused on reducing pain among these persons using sessions of music.

7min read    

According to a report published by the researchers of Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa and Mustafa Kemal University, strengthening QFM training alone and in combination with Russian electrical stimulation or other electrotherapy modalities significantly reduced the pain and improved functioning among knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients. As the KOA patients have atrophy of the muscles, including the knee joint, the primary focus of exercise programs should be on the strengthening of quadriceps femoris muscle (QFM).

7min read    

Investigators of Orthopaedic Institute Gaetano Pini and the University of Naples, Italy presented a report indicating the monosegmental stabilisation with fusion as an effective and safe approach to treat thoracolumbar spine fractures.

A total of twenty subjects went through a monosegmental stabilisation and were retrospectively analysed with a minimum follow-up of 24 months.

7min read    

According to the results of a randomised, controlled trial published in the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, the implementation of exercise targeting the mid-thoracic spine showed significant improvements in sensory perception and reduced back pain in cross-country skiers.

7min read    

The Ultrasonography (US) emerges as a reliable instrument for analysing subtalar joint (STJ) synovitis among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, according to recent research published in the Journal of Rheumatology.

Twelve sonographers directed a US reliability exercise with 10 RA cases with hindfoot pain by following a Delphi process. B-mode and power Doppler (PD) techniques assessed the anteromedial, posteromedial, and posterolateral STJ according to an agreed US protocol and a dichotomous score and 4-grade semiquantitative grading score for the presence of joint effusion (JE) and synovitis, respectively. Cohen's and Light's κ computed Intraobserver and interobserver reliability.

6min read    
Key Take-Away:

This study elucidates a longitudinal relationship between varus knee thrust noticed during walking and knee pain. The use of biomechanical interventions to mitigate thrust in the prevention of new and worsening of pain can be justified by using the longitudinal relationship between knee thrust and WOMAC pain.

Introduction:

To investigate two year association of varus knee thrust perceived during walking with odds of worsening WOMAC knee pain in elderly with or at risk of OA.

7min read    
Key Take-Away:

Adequate use of analgesics is integral during pregnancy. There is limited evidence in previous studies that have focused on drug utilization in pregnant women suffering from migraine. In this study, patterns of analgesic use in pregnant women has been predicted and it has been suggested that migraine and demographic characteristics of patients affects the use of analgesia.

Introduction:

To define patterns of analgesic use within a sample of Norwegian pregnant females on the basis of their migraine history and to recognise predictors for analgesic use amongst these females.

7min read    
Key Take-Away:

Nephrolithiasis is a painful condition in which solid material stones get deposited in the kidney. There are a few studies in history that explain the association and risk of nephrolithiasis in gout patients. In this study, the incidence rate and risk factors of nephrolithiasis have been determined in gout patients, and various demographic characteristics of patients like age and sex were found to increase the risk of NL in patients with gout.

Introduction:

Nephrolithiasis (NL) is comprehended to be correlated with gout; but, the comparative studies on risk and risk factors for NL in gout were minimum. This analysis evaluated (a) overall rate of NL in gout (cases) and general population controls; (b) risk and risk factors for first-time NL in cases and controls independently.

8min read    
Key Take-Away:

Friedman BW et al. elucidated that Greater Occipital Nerve Blocks (GONB) might be an effective treatment for ED patients with an acute migraine, suffering from a moderate or a severe headache after the application of intravenous metoclopramide. But, this investigation was discontinued before achieving a priori sample size due to the slow enrollment.

Introduction:

It is believed that Greater occipital nerve block (GONB) is an effective treatment for acute migraine, but there has been no randomized efficacy data published for the same. It was hypothesized that bilateral GONB with bupivacaine may lead to greater rates of headache freedom than a sham injection among emergency department (ED) patients who described the persistence of a moderate or severe headache despite standard treatment with i.v. Metoclopramide.

9min read    
Key Take-Away:

Abatacept is costimulation modulator used for the management of RA. In this study, the MRI of bilateral hands affirmed that Abatacept reduced synovitis and osteitis scores among RA patients and did not worsen erosion and JSN scores, but erosion started to repair in 10% of patients.

Introduction:

To investigate the efficacy of Abatacept among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) applying magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of bilateral hands.

7min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Pain is the leading cause of suffering, disability and medical care worldwide.

10 min read    
Education
Presentations

Arthritis encompasses more than 100 different arthritic conditions which are a chronic, painful, and debilitating group of diseases.

15 min read    
Education
Presentations

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder with an estimated prevalence of 0.5-1% of the population worldwide; it is also reported that women are more affected than men are. [1].

15 min read    
Education
Presentations

Vitamins are organic compounds essential for normal physiological functions.

15 min read    
Education
Presentations

The World Health Organization (WHO) describes the rational use of medicines as, “patients receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requiremen

5 min read    
May 18, 2019

A recent pilot study reveals that music plays an indispensable role in decreasing pain and span during the morning bed bath in the mechanically ventilated patients. In the mechanically ventilated patients, pain is one of the major issues, as they are unable to express the problem verbally. This analysis focused on reducing pain among these persons using sessions of music.

Key Take-Away:

This study elucidates a longitudinal relationship between varus knee thrust noticed during walking and knee pain. The use of biomechanical interventions to mitigate thrust in the prevention of new and worsening of pain can be justified by using the longitudinal relationship between knee thrust and WOMAC pain.

Introduction:

To investigate two year association of varus knee thrust perceived during walking with odds of worsening WOMAC knee pain in elderly with or at risk of OA.

7min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Pain is the leading cause of suffering, disability and medical care worldwide. Pain associated with chronic diseases are not life-threatening, but people continue to live with this pain in developed and developing countries affecting their overall quality of life.

10 min read