Large chronic pain population studies are lacking, and those available often neglect psychosocial characteristics of chronic pain. Data gathered from a large population suffering from chronic pain referred to a multidisciplinary academic pain clinic in the Netherlands may provide insights for further research, therapy, and information about frequently overlooked aspects.
The factors that cause neck pain and increase or decrease the pain can vary widely, and the neck pain mechanism is not yet fully explained. So, when evaluating the patients with chronic neck pain (CNP), it should be evaluated not only for the individual's pain but also for the biopsychosocial model. It is known in recent years that; pathologies cause inadequacies, inadequacies cause functional limitations, and functional limitations cause disability. For this reason, besides the pain of the patients with CNP, it is important that they are evaluated in terms of their functional states. The level of disability generally increases in patients with CNP. In addition, CNP increases the tendency to depression and levels of kinesophobia of these patients. Factors such as depression and kinesiophobia can negatively affect the level of disability by reducing motivation of patients and participation in social life. There are many reasons that increase the level of disability in these patients. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship pain, depression and kinesophobia with level of disability in patients with CNP and to determine which parameter most important factor for disability.
With the growth in leisure activities, plantar heel pain has become one of the most common symptoms of musculoskeletal disease, with effects on physical ability and quality of life.
Pain Management Services at Ashford & St Peters’ Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust are provided to patients in the North West Surrey locality as part of a comprehensive musculoskeletal service called Surrey iMSK. Our multidisciplinary team comprises Pain Management Consultants, Specialist Pain Nurses, Physiotherapists, Clinical Psychologists and Extended Scope Practitioners.
Management of pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis remains a challenge due to patients’ age, comorbidities, necessity of medicines to be taken for a long period, and this raises the requirements for a safer and well tolerated medicinal products. The purpose was to evaluate efficacy and safety of Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) topical treatment with ketorolac trometamine (KT) in elderly patients.
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