Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a principal cause of functional disability in older adults, which results in difficulties in performing daily activities. To perform the daily functional tasks, an individual requires sufficient lower extremity muscle strength. It is reported that individuals with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis have deficits in quadriceps and hamstrings strength. As muscle strength is modifiable, understanding the relationships between the strength of quadriceps and hamstrings could help to determine effective treatment targets.
Greater quadriceps and hamstrings muscle strength was associated with less pain, less difficulty completing activities of daily living, and better mobility. These relationships should be evaluated longitudinally.
This study demonstrated that TIVA is more significant than SEVO in reducing the postoperative pain and incidence of ED in children undergoing dental surgery.
Rapid awakening after the use of anaesthetics has been proposed to generate emergence delirium (ED), which is an abnormal mental state that develops during the shift from unconsciousness to complete wakefulness. The prevalence of ED largely depends on various factors such as age, anaesthetic technique, surgical procedure, and administration of adjunct medication. The incidence of ED in pediatric anaesthesia is highest in children aged between 2-6 years.
The LIA technique found to be a safe and effective treatment option for early functional recovery and pain control in TKA. The method showed significant advantages in terms of mobilization and muscle strength in the early postoperative period, whereas pain relief was almost similar in all study groups.
Nowadays, postoperative pain is still one of the most critical issues for clinicians. Treatment of postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is even more challenging. To achieve better results, physicians should pay attention to the early mobilization, good functional outcome, optimal and enhanced recovery. Therefore, the primary goals are to reduce pain and immobilization and to minimize opioid dependency and their adverse events.
The present study has indicated the use of 10 or 15 μg of intrathecal fentanyl with 10 mg of bupivacaine in patients undergoing a cesarean section. The combination of 10 or 15 μg of intrathecal fentanyl with 10 mg of bupivacaine can be helpful in providing adequate surgical anaesthesia and analgesia with a lower incidence of side effects.
Bupivacaine is the frequently used anaesthetics for the subarachnoid block in parturients undergoing the cesarean section. It is noticed that intrathecal bupivacaine alone is inadequate to provide entire anaesthesia. Therefore to improve the duration and quality of subarachnoid block, surgeons commonly add opioids such as fentanyl.
It is reported that intrathecal fentanyl is associated with the number of side effects such as pruritus, nausea/vomiting, and respiratory depression. The appropriate and safe dose of fentanyl is still unclear.
The results of the study conclude that both LMA and LTS-D are suitable and useful for airway treatment in patients breathing spontaneously during general anaesthesia for minor surgery of short duration.
The laryngeal mask airway LMA and laryngealube suction-disposable (LTS-D) is the second generation single-use supraglottic airway devices (SADs) with gastric access that are used for management of airway during general anaesthesia in spontaneously and mechanically ventilated patients.
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