Abstracts

Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

The problem of a migraine is considered among the ten most disabling disorders that may arise in any age group. Various medications are available for the prevention and treatment of a migraine in pediatric patients. This study enlightens the efficacy of an approved anticonvulsant drug topiramate among adolescents generating mixed results.

Based on the success of treatment, various medications are prescribed to prevent pediatric migraines. Topiramate, the drug approved for migraine prevention in children as young as 12 years of age. 

8min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Opioids tapering has become challenging for both clinicians and patients in the present scenario. A reduced opioid intake can enhance the quality and functionality of life. The study, therefore, concentrates on finding out effective opioid ceasing strategies.

Expert guidelines recommend reducing or discontinuing long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) when risks outweigh the benefits, but the evidence on the effect of dose reduction on patient outcomes has not been reviewed systematically. 

9min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Musculoskeletal disorders like neck and shoulder pains are ranked at the top among the most prevalent health complaints. A suitable exercise program can reduce the problem of severe neck pain. This study examined the effect of a 6-week shoulder-neck exercise intervention program on muscle pain and motility and recommended that this exercise program can improve patient pain outcomes.

Neck pain is a prevalent musculoskeletal disorder, but there is a lack of evidence regarding the suitable exercise methods for middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain. 

8min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Fibromyalgia (FM) affects nearly 3-6% of the world's total population. This pain condition is often misdiagnosed as it shares common symptoms with other pain conditions. The present study focuses on determining appropriate pain identification criteria to avoid misinterpretation of fibromyalgia pain with different types of musculoskeletal pain.

The chronic pain syndrome FM shares common symptoms with other pain or musculoskeletal syndromes and that is why clinicians find it difficult to diagnose FM.

8min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Every person experiences pain differently, even for the same cause. Identification of pain becomes more difficult among cognitively impaired individuals. The study features the pain prevalence and intensity among classes of impaired cognitive disorders and reports that pain prevalence in patients with mild to a moderate alzheimer disease (AD) and mixed AD and vascular pathology (MD) was higher than patients with  subjective cognitive impairment (SCI).

This cross-sectional study was conducted at outpatient memory clinics to assess the incidence and intensity of pain, and use of medication in pain in older patients with a diagnosed subtype of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or subjective cognitive impairment (SCI).

8min read