Clinical Research

Key Take-Away:

Home-based, telephone-delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Care (SC) treatments did not significantly differ in their benefits for back pain severity and disability, and may warrant further research for applications to hospital settings.

Over the past decade, there is a drastically hype in the prevalence of chronic back pain (CBP) in the US population, advising a need for more treatment resources.

The Clinical Journal of Pain 2018;34(4): 322–327
22min read    
Key Take-Away:

Reliable predictive determinants that can distinguish patients who could best benefit from intra-articular hyaluronic acid (IAHA) treatment include severe knee pain, younger age, and less severe structural damage. These could be implemented in clinical practice as a useful guide for physicians to plan the treatment.

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Various types of treatments are recommended nowadays that primarily focus on two strategies: 1) achieving relief from the symptoms and 2) significant improvement in the body functions. 

Arthritis Res Ther. 2018 Mar 1;20(1):40.
19min read    
Key Take-Away:

Individuals hospitalized for a head injury are more likely to have new onset and worsening of pre-existing headache and persistent headache, compared to general population. This supports the entity of the ICHD-3 beta diagnosis “persistent headache attributed to traumatic injury to the head”.

For the global society, headache puts a major impact on the lives of individuals. The number of studies reported headache as a major cause of morbidity. After any head injury, headache is the most frequent symptom. 

J Headache Pain. 2018 Jan 22;19(1):8.
22min read    
Key Take-Away:

The unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) could be a useful method for the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee in patients younger than 60 years of age.

The unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is often performed in older patients aged above 60 years. Results of some recent studies showed that the incidence of UKA is also increasing in relatively younger patients who less than 60-year-old. 

Knee Surg Relat Res. 2018 Mar 1;30(1):28-33.
22min read    
Key Take-Away:

Bariatric surgery when combined with dietary and exercise management resulted in signifcant weight loss, reducedd knee pain and improved functions. With this aapproach, both obesity and osteoarthritis (OA) issues can be taackled. It is a major step forward in stemming the global epidemic of these two interlinked conditions.

In both developed and developing countries, at least 2.8 million adults died due to excess body weight. Therefore, obesity is considered to be the fifth leading risk factor for deaths worldwide.

J Minim Access Surg. 2018 Jan-Mar;14(1):13-17
21min read