Abstracts

Key Take-Away:

Biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are genetically engineered to act like natural proteins in the immune system which have a significant contribution to the treatment of RA for many years. This prospective study by Killinger Z et al. depicted that treatment with bDMARDS decreased the mean prednisone dose and led to an increase in the trabecular bone score (TBS).

Introduction:

Biologic treatment may influence the RA, as well as areal bone mineral density (aBMD). Decreased aBMD portrays that the fracture risk in RA patients only partially. The trabecular bone score (TBS), a novel texture parameter reflects the degradation of trabecular bone and hence could be used as a further parameter to foretell the risk of fragility fracture. This study aimed to compare the effects of bDMARDs and conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate) on aBMD and TBS in active RA patients.

8min read    
Key Take-Away:

‘Distal tibial fracture' is a heterogeneous group of fractures comprising the distal part of both tibia and fibula. This comparative analysis concluded that the clinical and radiological outcomes such as; the rate of infections, wound complications, malunion and anterior knee pain were found to be almost similar in both intramedullary nailing (IMN) and locked plate (LP) procedures.

Introduction:

This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcome of IMN and LP in patients affected by fracture of distal tibia (DTF). The predictive factors of an unfavourable outcome were also identified.

7min read    
Key Take-Away:

The radial head is an important secondary stabiliser of the elbow against valgus loading, and the fractures of radial head are common. This retrospective case series showed that the patients recovered a median flexion arch of 113°; hence most of them are classed as satisfactory outcomes which can be expected midterm when using pyrocarbon prostheses.

Introduction:

This study aimed to elucidate the mid-term radiological findings in patients with a pyrocarbon radial head prosthesis and to correspond them to patient symptoms.

7min read    
Key Take-Away:

The Transapical approach (TA) is an established access substitute for the transfemoral method in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for the symptomatic aortic valve stenosis treatment. This retrospective study pointed out that the patients who received intravenous acetaminophen used significantly fewer morphine equivalents on and had a shorter median length of stay.

Introduction:

Complications with opioid-based postoperative pain management have led to guideline recommendations for a multimodal analgesia strategy incorporating nonopioid agents. The opioid-sparing effect of intravenous acetaminophen in patients undergoing transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement was evaluated.

7min read    
Key Take-Away:

As per the American College of Rheumatology, in patients with OA and meniscal tear, the presence or persistence of effusion-synovitis can be connected with the progression of cartilage damage. This study portrayed that persistently extensive effusion-synovitis had a statistically significant increased risk of cartilage damage depth progression than those with persistently minimal effusion-synovitis.

Introduction:

Synovitis is a characteristic of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and meniscal tear. It has been concerned with articular cartilage damage. This study investigated the associations between baseline and changes in effusion-synovitis and cartilage damage in a cohort with OA and meniscal tear.

7min read