Usefulness of the Pain Tracking Technique in Acute Mechanical Low Back Pain

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SCIENCE
Usefulness of the Pain Tracking Technique in Acute Mechanical Low Back Pain
Key Take-Away: 

About 80% of the population experience low back pain at some or the point of their lives. The efficiency of pain tracking technique combined with cryotherapy has been inferred from this study.

To evaluate the usefulness of the pain tracking technique in acute mechanical low back pain. 

ABSTRACT: 
Background: 

To evaluate the usefulness of the pain tracking technique in acute mechanical low back pain. 

Methods: 

We performed an experimental prospective (longitudinal) explanatory study between January 2011 and September 2012.

The sample was randomly divided into two groups. Patients were assessed at the start and end of the treatment using the visual analogue scale and the Waddell test. Treatment consisted in applying the pain tracking technique to the study group and interferential current therapy to the control group. At the end of treatment, cryotherapy was applied for 10 minutes. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test and the Mann Whitney test were used. They were performed with a predetermined significance level of p<=0.05. 

Results: 

Pain was triggered by prolonged static posture and intense physical labor and intensified through trunk movements and when sitting and standing.

The greatest relief was reported in lateral decubitus position and in William’s position. The majority of the patients had contracture. Pain and disability were modified with the rehabilitation treatment in both groups. 

Conclusion: 

Both the pain tracking and interferential current techniques combined with cryotherapy are useful treatments for acute mechanical low back pain.

The onset of analgesia is faster when using the pain tracking technique.

Pain Research and Treatment 2015
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