Substituting sedentary time with physical activity in fibromyalgia: association with quality of life and impact of the disease

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Substituting sedentary time with physical activity in fibromyalgia: association with quality of life and impact of the disease
Key Take-Away: 

Fibromyalgia involves severe pain with other characteristics like fatigue, sleeplessness and patients have to adopt a sedentary lifestyle. It leads to severe health consequences but can be prevented if the sedentary time replaced with the time involved in physical activity. The study elucidates the association of improved quality of life and physical activity among fibromyalgia patients.

Introduction:
There is information about the harmful health consequences of sedentary time (ST) in fibromyalgia. Although, the data are insufficient for how substituting ST with physical activity (PA) of the various intensity may be associated with health under fibromyalgia. This study directed to investigate the relationship between disease impact and quality of life upon replacing ST with light or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (LPA /MVPA).

 

Methods:
A total of 407 women with fibromyalgia with mean age 51.4 ± 7.6 years were selected for the study. The time spent in ST and PA, disease impact and quality of life were measured via Triaxial Accelerometry, Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) and 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), respectively. The connections among replacing ST with a comparable time of LPA or MVPA and the results were monitored using isotemporal substitution analyses.

 

Results:
The isotemporal model was linked with better vitality (B=0.74), bodily pain (B=0.55) and social functioning (B=1.45) of SF-36 along with better scores at all of the domains of FIQR by replacing 30 min of ST with LPA (p<0.05). The replacing ST with MVPA was involved in better social functioning (B=4.11) of the SF-36, the function of FIQR (B=-0.73) and physical role (B=2.30) with all p<0.05.

 

Conclusions:
The allocation of time of sedentary behavior to either MVPA or LPA was linked with lower disease impact and better quality of life among the women with fibromyalgia.

Source:

Arthritis Care Res

Link of the source:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30055083

original title of article:

Substituting sedentary time with physical activity in fibromyalgia: association with quality of life and impact of the disease. The al-Ándalus project.

Authors:

Blanca Gavilán‐Carrera et al.

Therapeutic, Fibromyalgia, Nerves, Efficacy, FIQR, SF-36
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