Self-Managing Postoperative Pain with the Use of a Novel, Interactive Device: A Proof of Concept Study

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Self-Managing Postoperative Pain with the Use of a Novel, Interactive Device: A Proof of Concept Study
Key Take-Away: 

The medical and surgical patients mostly undergo moderate to severe acute pain. In inpatient settings, the management of pain is often thwarted by the drawbacks in pain assessment and thus, treatment delay. The majority of the patients found the Nazimd device useful and easy to operate as depicted in this study.

Pain is commonly experienced following surgical procedures. Suboptimal management is multifactorial.

ABSTRACT: 
Background: 

Pain is commonly experienced following surgical procedures. Suboptimal management is multifactorial.

The primary objective was to assess whether patients used a device (Navimed) to self-report pain over and above a normal baseline of observations. Secondary outcome measures included comparison of pain scores and patient use of and feedback on the device. 

Methods: 

In a prospective randomized controlled trial, elective gynaecological surgery patients received standard postoperative pain care or standard care plus the Navimed, which allowed them to self-report

In a prospective randomized controlled trial, elective gynaecological surgery patients received standard postoperative pain care or standard care plus the Navimed, which allowed them to self-report pain and offered interactive self-help options.

Results: 

52 female patients, 26 in each of device and standard groups, did not differ in the frequency of nurse-documented pain scores or mean pain scores provided to nurses.

The device group additionally reported pain on the device (means 18.50 versus 11.90 pain ratings per day, t(32) = 2.75 , p < 0.001) that was significantly worse than reported to nurses but retrospectively rated significantly less anxiety. 80% of patients found the device useful.

Conclusion: 

This study demonstrates that patients used the Navimed to report pain and to help manage it.

Further work is required to investigate the difference in pain scores reported and to develop more sophisticated software.

Pain Research and Management 2016
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