A randomized controlled trial proves the effectiveness of exergames on quality of life, pain and disease impact in women with Fibromyalgia

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A randomized controlled trial proves the effectiveness of exergames on quality of life, pain and disease impact in women with Fibromyalgia

A recent study published in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation states that exergames have a positive impact on quality of life (QoL), pain and disease impact in women with fibromyalgia (FM).

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease marked by widespread musculoskeletal pain and other symptoms like fatigue, trouble sleeping, anxiety, depression, impaired balance, stiffness, an increased risk of falling and poor physical fitness. It is known that women are more inclined to FM. Therefore, the principal objective of managing FM is to improve the ability to perform the physical function and lower the levels of pain, where exercise is the first step to follow. Exergames, a form of rehabilitation that involves the combination of physical exercise with virtual reality (VR) to distract the patient from pain and provide an enjoyable alternative to classic exercises.

A single-blinded, randomized designed controlled trial was conducted to analyze the effects of exergames on quality of life, pain, and disease impact in women with FM. The study involved a total of 83 women (N=83) with FM and underwent an intervention of exergame for 8-week at FM center.

All the patients were distributed into two groups where Group 1 was an exercise group (n=42; mean age±SD, 52.52±9.73y) and Group 2 was a non-exercise group (Control) (n=41; mean age ± SD, 52.47±8.75 y).

In the exercise group, women completed the exergame based training program for 8-weeks and (groups of 3) were inspired to exercise for 120 minutes (2 sessions) per week. Group 1 was provided with three different virtual environments 1) focus on postural control 2) coordination of the upper and lower limbs 3) aerobic conditioning, strength, and mobility.

Primary outcome variables (pain and disease effect) were assessed using specific measure for FM, - Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Secondary outcome measure (quality of life; QoL) was assessed via EuroQoL-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) generic instrument.

The results estimated that 97.62% participants in the exercise group completed the 8-weeks intervention. In the exercise group significant improvement was observed (p<0.05) in the EQ-5D-5L utility index and 3 of 5 dimensions. In FIQ, remarkable improvements were observed in the dimensions of pain, stiffness, anxiety and felt good, along with the reduction in FIQ score. The mean between-group improvement came out to be 8.25 (95% CI, 2.85–13.65).

Overall, the study results and levels of compliance/adherence revealed that intervention of exergame-based training program is a useful intervention in reducing pain and increasing health-related QoL in women with FM.

Source:

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Link to the source:

http://www.archives-pmr.org/article/S0003-9993(17)30155-7/fulltext?rss=yes

The original title of the article:

Effects of exergames on quality of life, pain and disease impact in women with Fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial.

Authors:

Collado-Mateo D, Dominguez-Muñoz FJ et al.

SearchTags: 
Exergames, Quality of life, Pain, Women, Fibromyalgia
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