Premenstrual Symptoms and Factors Implicated in Smoking Cessation Among Woman Smokers

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Premenstrual Symptoms and Factors Implicated in Smoking Cessation Among Woman Smokers
Key Take-Away: 

The behavioural, psychological or any physical change results before menses are categorized as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). This creates various mood swings and decreases the determination of quitting smoking. This study evaluated that urge to smoke increases during premenstrual days, and there is a need for devoting particular attention to these patients for achieving success.

Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) may reduce smoking cessation success. Yet, little is known about the factors that may impact smoking cessation among women with elevated PMS, leaving little data to guide smoking cessation science and practice for this population.

ABSTRACT: 
Background: 

Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) may reduce smoking cessation success. Yet, little is known about the factors that may impact smoking cessation among women with elevated PMS, leaving little data to guide smoking cessation science and practice for this population.

This cross-sectional study is a secondary analysis of data from laboratory studies focused on menstrual cycle effects and smoking.

Methods: 

Premenopausal woman daily smokers (n = 157) completed self-report measures of tobacco dependence and other

cessation-relevant factors (i.e., smoking cessation history, withdrawal during previous quit attempts, use of smoking cessation aids) as well as a measure assessing 3 domains of PMS—effective, water retention, and pain.

Results: 

After controlling for depression and race, effective PMS were associated with greater daytime tobacco dependence, withdrawal symptoms during most recent quit attempt, and number of smoking cessation aids used in past quit attempts (βs = .19–.28, ps < .05).

Additionally, effective PMS were associated with increased odds of having used e-cigarettes during past quit attempts (odds ratio = 1.54, 95% confidence interval [1.06, 2.24]) after adjusting for depression and race. These results across different domains of PMS suggest that effective PMS may play a particularly important role in smoking cessation.

Conclusion: 

Women with elevated effective PMS may be more inclined to try cessation aids and require special clinical attention to controlling tobacco withdrawal during quit attempts to increase success.

 

Source:

Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2017 Jul 6:1-9

Link to the source:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28682101

The original title of the article:

Premenstrual Symptoms and Factors Implicated in Smoking Cessation Among Woman Smokers

Authors:

Pang RD et al. 

Exploratory, Premenstrual Symptoms, Cross-Sectional Study
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