Headaches, the most common among all pains
Headache is the most common form of pain and major reason people miss days at work or school or visit the doctor. Most headaches are not caused by serious disorders but still can cause unbearable pain.
The most common types of headaches are:
1. Tension headaches: Also called as stress headache, it usually begins slowly and ultimately becomes severe. They are due to tight muscles in shoulders, neck, and jaw and are related to stress or anxiety, if you work too much, don't get enough sleep or miss meals due to over scheduled lifestyle.
2. Migraines: Migraine pain is moderate to severe, intense and pounding pain. It can last a few hours or go on for days. The symptoms include sensitivity to light, noise, or odors; nausea, vomiting and confusion. Migraine commonly occurs in women and people who have close family members with this type of headache. They are probably caused by changes in the level of a brain chemical called serotonin.
3. Cluster headaches: They are least common than migraines although it can be severe and have feature of grouping attacks. They occur several times a day, which may last for several weeks or months, and then disappear completely for months or years. Cluster headaches occur on one side of head, with eye becoming red and watery. They cause intense burning or piercing pain and are common in men and people who smoke and drink alcohol frequently.
4. Rebound headaches: It is called medication overuse headache. It happens from taking too much prescription or over-the-counter pain medications for another type of headache. Some people get rebound headaches every day for weeks, and it can be difficult to stop the pain cycle without a doctor’s help.
Headaches can be prevented by avoiding activities that trigger them. Avoiding certain foods, getting enough sleep and staying away from bright lights and other triggers that have been a problem in the past can reduce attacks. If you get a headache, home treatment, like heat or ice packs, relaxing in a quiet room or getting a head and neck massage can give relief. Over-the-counter pain medications can also help, but don’t overdo it. Physicians recommend taking acetaminophen for headache no more than twice a week and NSAIDs (Advil, Motrin, aspirin and others) no more than 15 days a month.
If headache symptoms become worse or more frequent despite treatment, than visit your doctors as soon as possible. You should also be familiar to emergency medical care. Go to a hospital emergency department or call 9-1-1, in case of a sudden, severe or worst headache. This type of pain can be a symptom of a serious underlying condition such as stroke, meningitis or aneurysm. Get an emergency care if your headache starts right after a head injury or a strenuous activity like weightlifting or aerobics, or if it is accompanied by.
1. Weakness or numbness on one side of your body.
2. Slurred speech, loss of balance or trouble seeing.
3. High fever or stiff neck.
4. Nausea and vomiting.
5. Confusion or trouble understanding speech.