The effects of local cold application on fibromyalgia pain

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The effects of local cold application on fibromyalgia pain
Key Take-Away: 

A new nursing practice called “cold application," applied to trapezius muscles have the potential to reduce pain associated with fibromyalgia.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a local cold application on pain when applied to the trapezius muscles in patients with fibromyalgia.

ABSTRACT: 
Background: 

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a local cold application on pain when applied to the trapezius muscles in patients with fibromyalgia.

Methods: 

A one-group, pre-test/post-test, a pre-experimental model was applied in this study, which was conducted with 55 fibromyalgia patients who presented to a rheumatology outpatient clinic.

A 10-min cold application was administered to one trapezius muscle of each patient. The participants' pain was evaluated, in total, four times (before the cold application and 10 min, 1.5 h and 24 h after the cold application). The visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain was used to collect data for the study, and Friedman and Wilcoxon's tests were used to assess the data.

Results: 

The patients' pain mean score before (6.45, SD:1.27) the cold applications was found to be significantly higher than the scores noted 10 min (2.75, SD:1.73), 1.5 h (2.45, SD:1.29), and 24 h (3.36,

The patients' pain mean score before (6.45, SD:1.27) the cold applications was found to be significantly higher than the scores noted 10 min (2.75, SD:1.73), 1.5 h (2.45, SD:1.29), and 24 h (3.36, SD:1.30) after the application (p<0.001).

Conclusion: 

Local cold applications on the trapezius muscles of patients with fibromyalgia significantly decreased the pain. With its discovery of a new method of pain control in fibromyalgia patients, this study can serve as a guide for pain management, especially in nursing practice.

Further studies to evaluate the maximum effect duration and effect mechanisms of local cold applications to the trapezius muscles of fibromyalgia patients are indicated.

Source:

Int J Rheum Dis. 2017 Apr 17

Link to the source:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28419763

The original title of the article:

The effects of local cold application on fibromyalgia pain

Authors:

 Yilmaz et al.

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