Deconstructing Chronic Low Back Pain in the Older Adult—Step by Step Evidence and Expert-Based Recommendations for Evaluation and Treatment. Part VIII: Lateral Hip and Thigh Pain

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Deconstructing Chronic Low Back Pain in the Older Adult—Step by Step Evidence and Expert-Based Recommendations for Evaluation and Treatment. Part VIII: Lateral Hip and Thigh Pain
Key Take-Away: 

Pain in the lower back has an abundance of causes. This research article puts light in how lateral hip and thigh pain can contribute to and coexist with chronic low back pain in the elderly individuals. It has pointed out the potential complexities in identifying the pain generator and how importance is the implementation of right treatment.

This article presents an evidence-based algorithm to assist primary care providers with the diagnosis and management of lateral hip and thigh pain in older adults.

ABSTRACT: 
Background: 

This article presents an evidence-based algorithm to assist primary care providers with the diagnosis and management of lateral hip and thigh pain in older adults.

It is part of a series that focuses on coexisting pain patterns and contributors to chronic low back pain (CLBP) in the aging population. The objective of the series is to encourage clinicians to take a holistic approach when evaluating and treating CLBP in older adults.

Methods: 

A content expert panel and a primary care panel collaboratively used the modified Delphi approach to iteratively develop an evidence-based diagnostic and treatment algorithm.

The panelists included physiatrists, geriatricians, internists, and physical therapists who treat both civilians and Veterans, and the algorithm was developed so that all required resources are available within the Veterans Health Administration system. An illustrative patient case was chosen from one of the author’s clinical practices to demonstrate the reasoning behind principles presented in the algorithm.

Results: 

An algorithm was developed which logically outlines evidence-based diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations for lateral hip and thigh pain in older adults.

A case is presented which highlights the potential complexities of identifying the true pain generator and the importance of implementing proper treatment.

Conclusion: 

Lateral hip and thigh pain in older adults can contribute to and coexist with CLBP.

Distinguishing the true cause(s) of pain from potentially a myriad of asymptomatic degenerative changes can be challenging, but a systematic approach can assist in identifying and treating some of the most common causes.

Pain Med. 2016 Jun 21
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