Anti-inflammatory diet could reduce the bone loss in women

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Anti-inflammatory diet could reduce the bone loss in women

According to the latest study, vegetables, fruits, fish and whole grains are high in anti-inflammatory compounds and could boost the bone health and prevent fractures in women. Previous studies have shown a connection between high levels of inflammatory markers in the blood, bone loss and fractures in older women and men, which lead the further researches to find if dietary choices contribute to inflammation and bone density.

Recently, Tonya Orchard and colleagues conducted an observational study that was published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. It evaluated the data from landmark Women’s Health Initiative which was used to compare the levels of inflammatory elements in the diet to bone mineral density and fractures. A new link between food and bone health was found.

The dietary data of 160,191 post-menopausal women were analysed, and inflammation scores were reported based on 32 foods consumed by these women within three months before they were enrolled. Bone-mineral-density (BMD) data were collected from a subset of 10,290 women. Fracture data was obtained for the entire study group and a correlation was found only between high-inflammatory diets and fracture in younger white women. Caucasian women < 63 years with higher scores were at around 50 percent higher risk of hip fracture, compared with the risk for women in the group with the lowest inflammatory scores.

This suggested that a high-quality, less-inflammatory diet may be especially important in reducing hip fracture risk in younger women. Women on less inflammatory diets (based on a scoring system called the Dietary Inflammatory Index) had less bone density loss during the six-year follow-up period as compared to those with a most-inflammatory diet with lower bone density overall.

The findings estimated that women’s bone health could benefit if they have diet higher in beneficial fats, plants and whole grains. This suggests that with proceeding age of women, healthy diet does have an impact on the bone which is another reason for supporting the recommendations for a healthy diet in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

The women with lower inflammation scores were more physically active as a group and therefore were at a slightly greater risk of falls. Women with the least-inflammatory diets had a lower BMD overall at the start of the study but lost less bone than their high-inflammation peers. The lower bone density to start could be because women with healthier diets are more likely to be a smaller build, Orchard said. Larger people have a higher bone density to support their larger frames. "These women with healthier diets didn't lose bone as quickly as those with high-inflammation diets, and this is important because after menopause women see a drastic loss in bone density that contributes to fractures," Orchard said.
Overall, the study estimated that more-inflammatory diet was not linked to fracture and the researchers found a modestly lower risk of lower-arm and total fracture in women with the highest dietary inflammation scores.


Ohio State University

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Original title of article:

Anti-inflammatory diet could reduce risk of bone loss in women


Rebecca Jackson, Orchard

Exploratory, Anti-inflammatory diet, Bone loss, Bone-mineral-density (BMD)
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