Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a common musculoskeletal disease, associated with hand pain, stiffness, functional limitation, decreased grip strength and reduced quality of life. Its incidence increases with increasing age.
Pain is the leading cause of suffering, disability and medical care worldwide. Pain associated with chronic diseases are not life-threatening, but people continue to live with this pain in developed and developing countries affecting their overall quality of life.
The guidelines for clinical practice are focused on the preferred approaches to medical problems exhibited by scientifically valid research. These are supported by well-organised clinical, double-blind, placebo-controlled and large-scale population studies, and their meta-analysis.
Sinusitis affects about 1 in 8 adults in the United States, resulting in over 30 million annual diagnoses. Sinusitis is the fifth most common diagnosis in the world; more than 1 in 5 antibiotics prescribed in adults are for sinusitis.
Chronic pain can be a serious consequence of surviving cancer. The prevalence of pain in cancer survivors has been reported to be as high as 40%.
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