Chronic low back pain and craniosacral therapy
Among the population, over 80% of the population suffers from low back pain during their lives. Most cases of low back can be linked to causes like muscle strain, injury, sprain etc. The lower back, which starts below the ribcage, is called the lumbar region. Various medications or therapies are also available which can help to cure back pain.
Massage may relieve chronic low back pain, especially when combined with exercise and stretching. Researchers believed that craniosacral therapy can also be helpful in patients suffering with chronic low back pain. To check whether it is a beneficial option to patients or not, a randomized controlled trial was conducted.
The study included 64 patients with chronic non-specific low back pain who were referred for physical therapy at a clinical unit of the Health Science of the University of Almeria (Spain). Randomly interventions were assigned to an experimental group or to a control group. The biochemical methods, estimation of interstitial fluid, disability and Oswestry (disability index), pain intensity, kinesiophobia, isometric endurance of trunk flexor muscles, lumbar mobility in flexion, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, hemodynamic measures were performed. Outcomes from these methods were registered at baseline after treatment and after follow-up of one month.
After analysis, there were no statistically significant difference between the groups. Whereas, improvement was experienced in patients who were given craniosacral therapy. There were also improvements of hemoglobin oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure at immediate and medium term and serum potassium level and magnesium at short term than those receiving classical massage. The ten sessions of craniosacral therapy resulted in the statistically greater improvement in patients complaining about the pain intensity, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, serum potassium and magnesium level than who were given 10 sessions of classic massage suffering from low back pain.