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Amidst the population below the age of 40, the most common form of knee pain is the patellofemoral pain (PFP) with the prevalence of 23% with inferior long-term prognosis. The only one-third of persons get improvement from pain one year after diagnosis. However, the approaches involving its management are not up to the mark. There is a need for the improvisation of strategies with an alternative mechanism of action, beyond joints and muscles, desensitising strategies that involve exercises that target activities and movements of patients find painful and fearful.

8min read    
Pain Management

A migraine headache is a type of headache that is often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. During pregnancy, many women experience an improvement in migraine symptoms, and about one-third report complete remission. The drug utilization patterns and factors predicting drug use in pregnant women with a migraine have been explored only in limited studies.

8min read    
Pain Management

Increasing shoulder horizontal abduction position has shown to considerably increase the magnitude of the anterior force on the shoulder at ball release in baseball players confirms a recent study published in "The American Journal of Sports Medicine." In addition, the combination of 80.6° of shoulder abduction and 10.7° of horizontal shoulder adduction reduced the shear forces on the shoulder at this point.

9min read    
Pain Management

A recent study revealed that the risk (age and sex adjusted) of NL was increased by 60% in cases compared to controls. Increased risk of nephrolithiasis (NL) is a very well-known complication of gout. Though there are few comparative studies revealing the association of risk factors for NL in gout. In this cohort study, scientists investigated:
(1) the overall incidence of NL in gout patients (cases) and the general population (controls);
(2) risk and risk factors such as common comorbidities and medications for first-time NL in cases and controls separately.

9min read    
Pain Management

Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) stimulation has shown to significantly reduce the severity of patients' pain and also improved the quality of life of patients through 12-months post-implant, confirms a recent study published in Neuromodulation Journal. Frank J. P. M. Huygen and colleagues conducted a prospective observational study to estimate the effectiveness of DRG stimulation in real-world clinical circumstances.

6min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Chronic pain is an escalating health problem encountered by health care professionals, particularly among older people. This study focused on the assessment of pain state among older individuals and established that changes in pain states after one year has a negative correlation with pain states studied at baseline.

Chronic musculoskeletal pain is common among older adults.

7min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Rheumatoid arthritis found within the knees with various types of symptoms which were different from those of knee osteoarthritis. The following study helps to elucidate specific characteristics of knee joint destruction among patients with rheumatoid arthritis using MRI and histological examination.

The study was intended to assess the association between knee joint rheumatoid arthritis (RA) characteristics and histological examination to illustrate pathogenesis of joint injury among patients with RA.

10min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Pregabalin is a gabapentinoid that was used mainly for the management of neuropathic pain. It specifically binds to alpha-2-delta subunit to produce antiepileptic and analgesic actions. In this study, the efficacy of pregabalin for diabetic neuropathy has been evaluated, and it has been determined that pregabalin can significantly reduce pain in a population of Chinese patients.

In Chinese patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN) very limited information existed regarding the efficacy of pregabalin.

7min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Manual therapy interventions are essential for the management of low back pain. There is an urgent need for assessing early change in manual therapy interventions to establish a connection between changes in session and study outcomes. This study uses a multivariate logistic analysis to determine the effects of early changes (two weeks after therapy) on improvement in low back pain subjects.

For manual therapy interventions, the early change is commonly assessed and has been used to determine treatment appropriateness.

6min read    
Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

In this study, it has been reviewed that recent developments like estimation of lower back loads and large-array surface electromyography (LA-SEMG) can be potent in low back pain estimation. Various approaches using biomechanical models had been used to estimate LBP.

Low back pain (LBP) is the leading disabling musculoskeletal disorder globally making it a major public health problem.

8min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Sinusitis affects about 1 in 8 adults in the United States, resulting in over 30 million annual diagnoses.

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation
15 min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Chronic pain can be a serious consequence of surviving cancer. The prevalence of pain in cancer survivors has been reported to be as high as 40%.

American Society of Clinical Oncology
10 min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Neuropathic pain is defined as the pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion, dysfunction, or transitory perturbation of peripheral or central nervous system.

Western Australian Therapeutic Advisory Group
2min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Transitional care, as defined by the Society for Adolescent Medicine refers to the purposeful, planned movement of adolescents and young adults with chronic physical and medical conditions from chi

Ann Rheum Dis 2016;0:1–8
4min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

As per the World Health Organization (WHO), osteoporosis refers to a progressive systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of the bone tissues, w

Arch Osteoporos. 2017; 12(1): 43.
2min read    
Pain Management
October 16, 2018

Amidst the population below the age of 40, the most common form of knee pain is the patellofemoral pain (PFP) with the prevalence of 23% with inferior long-term prognosis. The only one-third of persons get improvement from pain one year after diagnosis. However, the approaches involving its management are not up to the mark. There is a need for the improvisation of strategies with an alternative mechanism of action, beyond joints and muscles, desensitising strategies that involve exercises that target activities and movements of patients find painful and fearful.

Abstracts
Key Take-Away:

Chronic pain is an escalating health problem encountered by health care professionals, particularly among older people. This study focused on the assessment of pain state among older individuals and established that changes in pain states after one year has a negative correlation with pain states studied at baseline.

Chronic musculoskeletal pain is common among older adults.

7min read    
Education
Smart Guidelines

Sinusitis affects about 1 in 8 adults in the United States, resulting in over 30 million annual diagnoses. Sinusitis is the fifth most common diagnosis in the world; more than 1 in 5 antibiotics prescribed in adults are for sinusitis.

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation
15 min read